Priority Sectors

  • 1

    Agriculture & Agro-processing

    There are various investment opportunities in Agriculture, including livestock production (for dairy and beef), aquaculture, horticulture, agro-processing, sugar, piggery, honey production, integrated cotton development, cassava production, and mushroom growing.
    These agriculture products can be processed and exported under trading arrangements encompassing SADC, COMESA, and GSP SCHEME of the EU’s EBA Initiative.  The African Growth And Opportunity Act (AGOA), China General Tariff Preferential Treatment, the India Preferential Trade  Arrangement Benefiting LCD’s and the Japan Preferential Trade Arrangement Benefiting Least Developed Countries (LDCs).

    Specific Investment Opportunities :
    • Cold room and relevant transportation infrastructure
    • Processing factories for value addition to make puree, spices, pastes and juices.
    • Storage, cleaning and grading facilities
    • Large-scale commercial farming
    • Market development
    • Contract farming   

  • 2

    Mining

    Malawi is naturally endowed with vast unexploited mineral resources. Government expects steady increase in the contribution of the mining sector to GDP by at least 10% annually. Currently mining is limited to: coal mining, quarrying, limestone production and gemstone mining. Gemstone exports are dominated by an aquamarine, amethyst, red and rhodolite garnets, quartz, angering and feldspar.
    Specific Investment Opportunities:
    • Gold
    • Uranium
    • Platinum group of minerals (PGMs)
    • Base metals
    • Nickel and copper
    • Dimension stone
    • Phosphates
    • Heavy mineral sands
    • Graphite
    • Coal


  • 3

    Tourism

    Malawi is endowed with beautiful and unique tourist spots including Lake Malawi, national parks and Game Reserves, Mulanje Mountain, wild game (the big five), forest reserves, and cultural and historical sites such as missionary graves and slave trade villages.
    Specific Investment Opportunities:
    • Eco-tourism
    • Hotel, camps and lodges
    • Develop support infrastructure (Electricity, Water and Transport)
    • Water and lake sports
    • Cultural and traditional troupes (community based tourism)
    • Wilderness safari, travel and tours
    • Game and forest lodges
    • Casinos and entertainment centre


  • 4

    Manufacturing

    Manufacturing accounts for about 12% of Malawi’s GDP. As most of the traditional agriculture crops such as tobacco and tea are exported in a semi-processed state, there are great opportunities for investors to convert these agricultural products into high-value finished products. Investors may venture into the manufacture of any of the products listed below.
    Textile and Garment manufacturing
    With market opportunities under AGOA and preferential agreements between Malawi and South Africa, and Malawi’s low labour costs investing in the garment/textile industry would be a smart choice for foreign investors.
    Light goods manufacturing
    Malawi imports most of its light goods equipment such as household electrical fittings (e.g cables, plugs, switches) and engineering materials, e.g. steel-based products. Investors are therefore invited to invest in this sector to reduce current imports and save foreign exchange.

  • 5

    Infrastructure

    Infrastructure is one of the key prerequisites for economic growth. It is a key component for creating an enabling environment for private sector driven growth and provision of timely and quality social services. It is envisaged that development of the prioritized infrastructure will contribute to the realization of sustained economic development for Malawi.
    Specific Investment Opportunities:
    • Transport and Logistics System
    • Water Development
    • Housing and Urban Development

  • 6

    Energy

    This industry is crucial as it supports other industries for sustainable economic growth and infrastructure development.  Huge private investment is required to meet increasing energy demand for both household and industry use.  Hydro electricity, fossil fuels and biomass are the most used energy sources in Malawi.  The Government is inviting local and foreign investors to invest in the following areas;
    Specific Investment Opportunities
    • Hydro generation, distribution and transmission
    • Solar energy
    • Wind energy
    • Fuel storage and oil pipeline facilities
    • Thermal power plant
    • Biomass stoves
    • Biogas and RPG
    • Conduct feasibility studies for possible hydro generation sites

  • 7

    Information & Communication Technology (ICT)

    Information is a vital resource for all mankind throughout all stages of life. It is therefore important that information should be made available in a form that is applicable and usable, and at the right time.
    Challenges in the sector include: low usage and adoption of electronic and online services; lack of effective regulatory frameworks; high communication costs; high printing costs; lack of coordination and collaboration on ICT infrastructure development; intermittent availability of service, low geographic coverage; low local content in terms of provision of information; inadequate institutional and human capacity and low usage of modern broadcasting technology.
    The goal is to ensure better access to information. Specifically to ICT, the goal is to increase utilization of ICT, ensure universal access to ICT products and services to improve service delivery in both public and private sectors. For media and communication, the policy thrust is to ensure that the population has access to timely and relevant information, and increase popular participation of citizens in development, governance and democratic processes.

  • 8

    Forestry

    Malawi has large forest plantations which are mainly; Nyika Plateau at Chelinda, Dedza, Mulanje mountain, Zomba plateau and Chikangawa.
    Specific Investment Opportunities:
    Value addition to the country’s vast forest resources via the manufacturing of timber and timber-based such as blackboards, cheap boards, plywood
    Opportunities are also there to develop new forests.
    Log and logging supply agreements for harvesting and cutting of existing timber.

  • 9

    Water & Sanitation